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Type 1

What is Type 1 diabetes?
The basic fuel that your body uses for energy is a simple sugar called glucose, which the body makes from the food that you eat. In order for your body to use glucose, a hormone called insulin needs to be present. Insulin is normally produced by the pancreas.
Type 1 diabetes is a disease where the pancreas does not produce insulin. As a result, glucose remains in the bloodstream.
Type 1 diabetes can have various complications such as:
The most important part of treating Type 1 is being prepared.
Diabetic Ketoacidois (DKA)
DKA is a very dangerous complication of Type 1 diabetes. DKA occurs when the body is not receiving enough insulin. As a result, glucose and ketones begin to build up in the blood, and the blood becomes more acidic. This is very dangerous for many organs in the body, including the brain. 
The most common symptoms of DKA are:
  • Abnormally frequent need to urinate
  • Feeling constantly thirsty, needing to drink a lot
  • Weight loss
  • Wetting the bed
  • Fatigue
  • Learning effective self-management techniques, as well as knowing the symptoms and spotting them early, is the best way to prevent DKA. 
Hypoglycemia = Low Blood Sugar
What to do to prevent, recognize and treat a low blood sugar.
A blood sugar level lower than about 4 mmol/L is called hypoglycemia. The feelings associated with hypoglycemia are called an “insulin reaction.” 
Common signs and symptoms of a mild insulin reaction
  • shakiness: “butterflies,” feeling nervous for no reason; 
  • cold, clammy sweatiness, unlike sweat from playing hard; 
  • dilated pupils, “funny-looking” eyes; 
  • mood change: irritable, grouchy, impatient; temper tantrums in younger children;
  • hunger, and sometimes nausea due to the hunger;
  • lack of energy: tired, weak, floppy;
  • lack of concentration;
  • blurred vision;
  • pounding heart; 
  • change in skin colour: pale, most noticeable in the face and around the mouth; or
  • disturbed sleep: restlessness, crying out, sleepwalking, or nightmares.
Be Prepared!
The following are suggestions for being prepared for low blood sugars:
  • Wear Medic Alert Identification.
  • Talk to your friends and family members about your symptoms of low blood sugar and how to help treat them.
  • Carry a source of fast acting sugar everywhere you go.
  • Carry your meter kit with you.
  • Have two calibrated (checked) meters in case you get a reading that you don’t trust.  Repeat the test using the second meter.


Updated Apr 5, 2017