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Child Development (5 Years)

Your child's experiences in the early months and years of life affect his/her health, well-being, and coping skills for the rest of his/her life. Your caring, nurturing, and safe parenting help ensure your baby's optimal development. During the toddler years, your child will grow and learn rapidly.

Child development is typically described in five areas: 

  • physical
  • social
  • emotional
  • cognitive
  • language

While there are milestones, development is not a race. Each child grows and develops at his/her own pace. Learning about child development can guide your parenting. You can support and guide your child’s development through activities in each of these four areas:

  • Learning To Think and Play
  • Seeing and Using Hands
  • Hearing, Speech and Language
  • Learning To Move

Your Developing Child: 5 years

  • Hops or stands on one foot for 5 seconds or longer
  • Throws a ball overhand
  • Goes upstairs and downstairs without support
  • Prints his/her first name
  • Copies a triangle, most letters and numbers
  • Cuts out simple shapes with scissors
  • Plays games with more rules
  • Shows concern for someone who is hurt or upset
  • Counts 5 or more objects
  • Provides full name, age, mother’s name
  • Attends to an activity for up to 20 minutes
  • Recognizes some letters
  • Recognizes and names most colors
  • Follows long directions such as “Get your crayons, make a picture and put it on the fridge”
  • Uses sentences that sound similar to an adult
  • Is able to dress and undress by himself
  • Uses the washroom alone

There are many ways you can help your child’s development

Play is a learning experience for children. Play is a universal and vital process for the healthy development of every child. Play is the child’s work and allows him/her to explore the world in which he/she lives and grows.

If you have any concerns about your child’s development, talk to your public health nurse or family doctor.


Healthy Living

Updated Oct 2, 2015